The sugar and science of a chic nectarine – Frog Hole Farm

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While you sink your enamel into the gentle, crimson pores and skin of a Frog Hole Farm nectarine and the juice runs down your chin, science might be the very last thing in your thoughts. However there’s fairly a little bit of science behind these moments of pure, candy summer time bliss.

Begin on the finish

A refractometer is a great tool that farmers use to search out brix, or the measure of sugar, in a bit of ripe fruit. A traditional piece of fruit registers about 10 or 11 on the refractometer, 12 in the event you’re fortunate.

Farmer Al does not even begin selecting our fruit till the Brix readings are at 14 or 15. And most of our nectarine varieties are available between 18 and 22! Meaning a Frog Hole Fruit nectarine is prone to be 50 % sweeter than what’s commercially accessible.

Excessive yielding nectarines

Do you know that nectarines are peaches that lack the fuzz gene? Farmer Al has all the time regarded for prime Brix nectarine varieties to develop, and that is an enormous a part of our juicy success. He’s enthusiastic about this 12 months’s harvest: will probably be significantly better than final 12 months and there are new orchards coming into manufacturing. He’s wanting ahead to the harvest of our Sweet Pearl and Majestic Pearl, two white nectarine varieties, on the finish of June.

Enhancing sugar

Excessive Brix varieties are a great start line, and our location and rising strategies enhance the sugar content material even additional. Nectarines want heat days and funky nights to bloom. We now have each in Brentwood, with our location close to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The distinction in temperature between the new summer time days and the cool delta nights helps make our fruit even sweeter.

We assist Mom Nature through the use of fertilizer and with our pruning and thinning strategies. We additionally depart the fruit on the tree to ripen longer, permitting the sugar to develop extra totally.

An natural problem

Rising natural nectarines is tough. Nectarine timber are very prone to thrips, an insect that grazes the pores and skin of the fruit and leaves it scarred. When the fruit grows, the scar turns into a big, ugly spot on the pores and skin. We management thrips with an natural materials that kills them. Brown rot is one other menace: it’s a fungus. We use compost tea to regulate brown rot. Compost tea is tough to organize and use, and requires exact planning and training. One other story for an additional time!

Backside line: We develop within the good location for nectarines and take care of the soil, the tree and the fruit to develop a full vary of flavors. Seize a stack of napkins and a Frog Hole Farm nectarine and have an incredible summer time!

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